The last time I visited Stonehenge on the Salisbury Plain in England, Archeologists had “petitioned” the Government to study Stonehenge. Of course, there is always fight and it took a long time for the Government to agree to terms on allowing it to happen.
Finally, for those of you who have waited, it has been done and there is now a program on the National Geographic Channel called “Stonehenge Decoded”.
For those of you who can’t get the National Geographic Channel and are interested, Archeoligists were finally allowed to excavate the surrounding area to try to understand why Stonehenge was actually built. At this point they can’t pinpoint a time frame on how long it actually took to complete the movement of the Sarsen Stones from 25 miles away and put them in place or the exact tribes of that region in that beginning time frame Stonehenge was being built, however, they have concluded that the ancient tribes in that area built Stonehenge, not as monument, but for a ritual act of viewing the Summer and Winter Solstice. Those Tribes were Engineers.
There was more than one “Henge”, other than Stonehenge completed in that area. The Sarsen Stones that exist today were to view the Summer Solstice, however, the other “Henge” was built out of wood a few miles away that was used to view the Winter Solstice.
The difference in the two different materials used were on done purpose. The “Henges” were built for a Spiritual Ritual not only to honor life, but death as well. There were homes (a community) of those that traveled to live in that area during the two Solstice Events and many feasts accured leaving many bones and few personal treasures behind.
They did discover that an unknown tribe (possibly Egyptian) ventured upon them teaching them how to melt metals and make a casting in a stone to create adornments and arrow heads. They also found an ancient body with wounds from arrows.
The wooden Henge was built to represent human life. A life that gets old and finally dies. It viewed the Winter Solstice, as the harsh winter bringing life to a death or a dormant condition, which was a belief of many other tribes across Europe. Stonehenge was built to honor the dead and their strength of life after death.
There is much similarity in their ancient belief as there is today. It also gave a new meaning to the practice of the American Indians of the past, also speculated to have ties with the ancient Egyptians.
If your interested in ancient History and Stonehenge, it is definitely a program you don’t want to miss.